King Sennacherib: A brief biography



"I planted a great park beside the palace, like that of the Amanus Mountain, with all kinds of herbs and fruit trees which came from the mountains and from Babylonia". - King Sennacherib

Sennacherib (pronounced Sin-ahhe-criba) was an Assyrian ruler in Mesopotamia who reigned from 704-681 BC. He is known in history for the destruction of Babylon in 689BC and for his siege on Jerusalem that was under the Hebrew King, Hezekiah in 701BC (see II Kings 18:13). He spent a good portion of his leadership protecting what his predecessors and namely his father, Sargon, II had established.

Sennacherib became the first Assyrian ruler to rebuild Nineveh and make it his capital city. It was his quick conquests of neighboring kingdoms that gave him the power to rebuild Nineveh and is a very important archeological study today. We get a lot of information on his conquests from the discovery of what is known as Sennacherib's Prism, a six-sided clay cylinder-like document which contains the story of his conquests. A Colonel R. Taylor during a mid 19th century archeological study discovered it in the ruins of Nineveh. The prism is now on display at the British Museum.

Sennacherib is a widely unknown contributor toward the modernization of the city and was the first ever in history to build aqueducts for the people and irrigation for crops. His most noteworthy achievement is the building of the palace in Nineveh that was surrounded by parks and irrigated gardens with imported plants and animals from surrounding regions.

This website was created to briefly discuss Sennacherib's irrigation and gardening techniques.